The words lightening and lightning are only one letter apart in spelling and pronunciation, but worlds apart in meaning.
Lightening- Lightening is the present participle of either of the verbs lighten (as in lightening the load, lightening his hair), and as a verbal noun is also used with specific reference to a stage of pregnancy.
Lightning- NOUN : Flashes of light seen in the sky when there is a discharge of atmospheric electricity in the clouds or between clouds and the ground, usually occurring during a thunderstorm. ADJECTIVE: very fast and often very sudden
Round 2: Choose vs. Chose
These two words often get confused because they don't follow the typical rule of using "-ed" for past tense. Here’s a nifty rule from Grammar for Geeks:
- Use 'chose' (rhymes with "so") for past tense
- Use 'choose' (rhymes with "blue") for the current tense
Round 3: Loose vs. Lose
Loose: Not fastened, restrained, or contained: loose bricks. Not taut, fixed, or rigid: a loose anchor line; a loose chair leg. Free from confinement or imprisonment; unfettered: criminals loose in the neighborhood; dogs that are loose on the streets. Not tight-fitting or tightly fitted…
Lose: To be unsuccessful in retaining possession of; mislay: He's always losing his car keys.To be deprived of (something one has had): lost her art collection in the fire; lost her job. To be left alone or desolate because of the death of: lost his wife. To be unable to keep alive: a doctor who has lost very few patients. To suffer loss. To be defeated. To operate or run slow. Used of a timepiece.
Round 4: Neither vs. Either
Either and neither are used in almost the same way as "so" and "too," but they are used with negative verbs. Either and neither are both singular adjectives meaning "one or the other of two." Neither of course means "not the first one and not the second one."
Neither Kyle nor Jane likes mustard.
Either Mom or Dad is going to the grocery store. (One or the other is going, but not both.)